Robespierre was the leader of the reign of terror, which was when the French National Convention killed over 17,000 enemy of the revolution.
Robespierre was a key person in the government during the French Revolution. The goal Robespierre was to remake France according to the principles of the Enlightenment. He also played a key roe in making the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, the preamble to the french constitution of 1791.
He said that he was a disciple of Philosopher Rousseau.
His major goal was to abolish the monarchy and change it to a republic.
He pressed for the execution of the King.
In 1793 he became the leader of the committee of public safety.
He was the last person to be behead during the reign of terror.